3 edition of Computer analysis of effects of altering jet fuel properties on refinery costs and yields found in the catalog.
Computer analysis of effects of altering jet fuel properties on refinery costs and yields
Theodore R Breton
|Statement||by Theodore R. Breton and Daniel N. Dunbar ; prepared for National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center|
|Series||NASA-CR -- 174642, NASA-CR -- 174642|
|Contributions||Dunbar, Daniel N, Lewis Research Center, ICF Incorporated|
|The Physical Object|
Kinematic viscosity has been measured for nine separate aviation turbine fuel samples. The nine samples span the range of fuel types available: conventional petroleum-derived fuels, synthetic fuels derived from the Fischer–Tropsch process, and renewable fuels derived from biomass feedstocks. Results for a tenth sample intended for use in quantifying the total sulfur in fuel oils . The chemical composition of the oil makes it particularly well-suited to being refined into jet fuel. Once processed, carinata is chemically identical to .
Jet-propulsion fuel 8 (JP-8) is a kerosene-based multipurpose fuel that is in wide use by the U.S. military. The military is in the process of converting to JP-8 for use in all its aircraft (except Navy ship-based aircraft, which will continue to use JP-5), ground vehicles, and support equipment. for the fuel-oxident choice of ASTM-Jet A and dry air. An average molecular carbon-to-hydrogen ratio of was used for the computation. This value was an average obtained from analysis of several samples of ASTM-Jet A, a wide specification range kerosene-type, commercial grade aviatiorrfuel. Cal-culation of combustion gas properties was File Size: KB.
A biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary processes from biomass, rather than a fuel produced by the very slow geological processes involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as biomass technically can be used as a fuel directly (e.g. wood logs), some people use the terms biomass and biofuel interchangeably. More often than not however, the word . Effects of Fuel Physical Properties on Diesel Engine Combustion Using Diesel and BioDiesel Fuels Article (PDF Available) April with 2, Reads How we measure 'reads'.
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Get this from a library. Computer analysis of effects of altering jet fuel properties on refinery costs and yields. [Theodore R Breton; Daniel N Dunbar; Lewis Research Center.; ICF Incorporated.]. Theodore R Breton has written: 'Computer analysis of effects of altering jet fuel properties on refinery costs and yields' -- subject(s): Fuel, Jet planes, Petroleum, Refining, Data processing.
long-lasting renewable jet fuels with low production costs and low greenhouse gas emissions. Additionally, jet fuels must meet ASTM International specifications and potentially be a % drop-in replacement for the current petroleum jet fuel. The combustion characteristics and engine. Alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) is one of the technical feasible biofuel technologies.
It produces jet fuel from sugary, starchy, and lignocellulosic biomass, such as sugarcane, corn grain, and switchgrass, via fermentation of sugars to ethanol or other alcohols.
This study assesses the ATJ biofuel production pathway for these three biomass feedstocks, and Cited by: 3 Abstract: This study compares the costs of production for six alternative jet fuel pathways using consistent financial and technical assumptions.
The results indicate that none of the six processes would be profitable in the absence of government incentives, with HEFA using yellow grease revealing the lowest mean jet fuel price at $/liter. of jet fuel of varying end point and hydrogen content specifications.
The data base includes crude assays (distillation cuts and their properties), process unit yields and economic data.
The correlations are used for estimating and blending heat of combustion, smoke point and freezing point for jet fuel. Analysis of Trace Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) in Jet Fuel IP Method PM-DY/09 - GC/MS with Selected Ion Monitoring Chemical Analysis Group James D. McCurry, Ph.D. Senior Scientist Agilent Restricted January, 14, Janu Agilent Restricted 1.
Conventional and Alternative Jet Fuels for Diesel Combustion: Surrogate Development and Insights into the Effect of. Fuel Properties on Ignition. Doohyun Kim.
A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment. of the requirements for the degree of. Doctor of Philosophy (Mechanical Engineering) in the University of Michigan.
Trading interest was extremely active during Q1, led by record jet fuel demand and refinery turnarounds. It remained robust going into Q2, according to sources. Additionally, open interest recorded for the front-month USGC jet swaps spiked to more than million lots on March 29 from million lots on January 2, CME data showed.
In NovemberAir New Zealand, The Boeing Company, Rolls-Royce and Honeywell's UOP announced a collaboration to demonstrate a 50/50 blend of Jet A-1, the standard commercial aviation fuel, and jatropha-based green jet fuel.
In JanuaryContinental Airlines held a demonstration flight using a similar fuel blend in a Boeing aircraft. Apart from this, the price volatility of jet kerosene will also hamper the growth of this market in the coming years. Global Jet Kerosene (Fuel) Market: Geographical Analysis.
On the geographical front, the worldwide jet kerosene market is segmented into Asia Pacific, Europe, North America, and the Rest of the World. The surveyed pathways are at various stages of technical maturity, and discrepancies in commercialization were accounted for with a nth plant analysis that assumes construction in and plant operation beginning in The design bases for the pathway models, however, varied with the availability of bench- pilot- or commercial-scale process data, so this study Cited by: DVI's Aviation Fuels Experts have the expertise to evaluate aviation jet fuel samples involved in an accident or incident, and can verify if that sample meets all applicable ASTM standards.
The most commonly used fuels for commercial aviation are Jet A and Jet A-1 which are produced to a standardized international specification. Jet fuel 1, 1, 1, Kerosene 2, 1, 1, Diesel oil 3, 3, 3, Fuel Oil A 1, 1, 1, Fuel Oil C (excluding fuel for power generation) 1, Total for f 18, 16, Middle distillate yield 42% 43% 43% (Note) Results are from Book3).
Jet fuel includes bonded Size: KB. Other fuel properties such as aromatics and smoke point become less critical as flash point is lowered, but the most important new U.S.
crude—Alaskan North Slope—still produces jet fuel that is critical in aromatics and smoke point regardless of flash point reduction by: 2. This chapter summarizes the findings on carcinogenicity of jet-propulsion fuel 8 (JP-8) presented in the National Research Council report Permissible Exposure Levels for Selected Military Fuel Vapors (NRC ) and reviews additional studies on JP-8 and related mixtures, some of which were completed after the report was published.
The studies are summarized in Table Between andjet fuel prices more than quadrupled from $ to $ per gallon and general aviation gasoline prices more than tripled from $ to $ per gallon in nominal terms.
The Airport and Airway Trust Fund (trust fund) is funded principally by excise taxes on ticket purchases, aviation fuel, and cargo shipments as well as.
Jet Fuel Intelligence is the must-have information service for navigating a fluctuating aviation fuel industry, devoted to providing international coverage of critical topics in the evolving jet fuel sector.
Every issue of Jet Fuel Intelligence contains. News and analysis of the latest market-moving events in the global jet fuel industry, including increasing demand in Asia, the effect of. Jet fuel costs merely reflect one of the supply factors.
Airline earnings are susceptible to jet fuel price swings, but airfares usually do not immediately respond to a change in jet fuel prices. If anything, airfares respond to jet fuel price changes with a lag.
In fact, lower fuel prices could mean good and bad news for the airline industry. Introduction. The world is changing and so is the aviation industry.Now with declining petroleum resources and shocking surge in the price of fuel, combined with the increase in political and environmental concern and the current economic downturn, it is imperative to develop renewably clean and energy-efficient technologies for producing sustainable products Cited by:.
An Assessment of Refiner Interest in Producing Renewable. Alternatives to Gasoline, Diesel, and Jet Fuel. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. The Canadian biofuels production industry has grown significantly over the past decade, in large part due to the implementation of federal and provincial renewable fuels requirements and supporting programs.
Southwest Airlines- Fuel Hedging Case Analysis or a book-sized computer THE is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as.The world-wide aviation jet fuel used for civil and military aircraft is of a kerosene type.
To avoid peroxide production after the refinery process a specific antioxidant additive should be added.